Домой Век 18 век Владимир Боровиковский «Екатерина II на прогулке в Царскосельском парке»

Владимир Боровиковский «Екатерина II на прогулке в Царскосельском парке»


Автор: Боровиковский Владимир Лукич (Vladimir Borovikovsky)
Название: «Екатерина II на прогулке в Царскосельском парке»
Год написания: 1794 год
Место: Государственная Третьяковская галерея, Москва
Направление: Сентиментализм

Сентиментальные настроения в творчестве Боровиковского коснулись и изображения монархини. Портрет Екатерины II на прогулке в Царскосельском парке, как теперь достоверно известно, не был заказан императрицей. Он был сделан как апробация таланта художника с целью представления во дворец, вернее всего, по идее, замыслу и разработанной программе Николая Александровича Львова. Императрица написана не с натуры (как, впрочем, и всеми русскими мастерами). Известно также, что работу Боровиковского она не одобрила. Здесь сошлись неудачные для художника обстоятельства. «Знакомство» Екатерины с портретом совпало с ее раздражением на Державина, возвеличившего Суворова в оде «Песнь Ея Императорскому Величеству Екатерине II на победы графа Суворова-Рымникского». Боровиковский получил за портрет лишь звание назначенного в академики, а не академика, о чем мечтали члены державинско-львовского кружка (звание академика художник получил позже). Боровиковский создал необычный для того времени портрет. Екатерина представлена на прогулке в Царскосельском парке в шлафроке и чепце, с любимой левреткой у ног. Не Фелицей, не богоподобной царицей, сошедшей с небес, предстает она перед зрителем, а простой «казанской помещицей», которой любила казаться в последние годы жизни. Напомним, что именно в этом образе запечатлел ее и Пушкин в своей великой «повести о чести» «Капитанской дочке» (как раз в 1820-е годы гравер Уткин исполнил гравюру с портрета Боровиковского; творение Боровиковского благодаря гравюре обрело как бы вторую жизнь и имело большой успех). Образ кисти Боровиковского ничем не напоминает нам «Екатерины-законодательницы»: так за десятилетие изменяются художественные вкусы — от классицистического возвышенного идеала к почти жанровой сентиментального толка трактовке образа простой сельской жительницы.

Источник: nearyou


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