Домой Век 15 век Джованни Беллини «Священная аллегория»

Джованни Беллини «Священная аллегория»


Автор: Беллини Джованни (Giovanni Bellini)
Название: «Священная аллегория»
Год написания: 1490-1500 года
Место: Галерея Уффици, Флоренция, Италия
Направление: Возрождение, Венецианская Школа Живописи

Джованни Беллини, чье творчество повлияло на всю венецианскую живопись и прежде всего на ее настроение, оставил после себя загадку. Ее не могут разгадать до сих пор: каков сюжет картины «Священная аллегория»? Это отвлеченное название ей было дано потому что никто точно не смог ответить на этот вопрос. Художник изобразил, так называемое святое собеседование: сидящей на троне Богоматери предстоят святые. Среди них можно различить Павла с мечом, прогоняющего человека в тюрбане, Петра, опершегося на балюстраду. А также сторожащего вход на площадку, Себастьяна со стрелой в груди и Иова, молитвенно сложившего руки. Но композиция «святого собеседования», всегда бывшая центральной, здесь развернута к зрителю боком и становится одним из представленных мотивов. На полотне видим играющих под деревом младенцев. В их группе выделяется тот, кто держит в руках яблоко, символизирующее человеческие грехи. Этот ребенок может быть Христом, пришедшим в мир искупить грехи, а младенцы вокруг него — душами, попавшими в чистилище, за которые молятся святые. Река — скорее всего Лета, отделяющая этот мир от мира живых, который виден на среднем и дальнем планах. Там, в пещере молится анахорет, неподалеку бродит кентавр, олицетворяющий соблазны, а еще дальше живут своей обычной жизнью люди.

Источник: muzei-mira


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