Домой Век 19 век Арнольд Бёклин «Чума»

Арнольд Бёклин «Чума»


Автор: Бёклин Арнольд (Arnold Böcklin)
Название: «Чума»
Год написания: 1898 год
Место: Художественный музей, Базель
Направление: Символизм

«Чума» — позднее произведение Арнольда Бёклина. Наряду с работой «Война» (1896, Кунстхаус, Цюрих) оно «предугадало» полную драматизма и потерь историю первой половины XX столетия. Картина оказала большое влияние на молодое поколение живописцев, особенно на творчество немецких экспрессионистов. Тема смерти здесь приобретает поистине драматическое звучание. Беспощадная Чума, восседающая на крылатом драконе, мчится над городом, убивая свои жертвы огромной косой. Ее черное одеяние сообщает зрителю о трауре и смерти, которую она сеет вокруг себя. Как подготовительную работу для этого произведения следует рассматривать рисунок «Холера» (1876, Музей земли Гессен, Дармштадт), на котором также изображена фигура с косой, мчащаяся на крылатом существе, его художник создал во время эпидемии болезни во Флоренции, унесшей множество жизней. Дарование живописца, всегда умевшего эффектно соединять вымысел и реальность, раскрылось в этой картине с новой силой. История и фантазия приобрели иное звучание, взывая к человеческому сознанию накануне исхода одного века и рождения другого, работа заставила современников глубже ощутить трагизм жизни и смерти.

Источник: coollib


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